Pacemaker − Part of the Pacemaker cluster resource manager


crm_simulate <data source> <operation> [options]


crm_simulate − simulate a Pacemaker cluster’s response to events


Help Options:
, −−help

Show help options


Show all help options


Show output help


Show operations options


Show synthetic cluster event options


Show artifact options


Show data source options

Output Options:

Specify output format as one of: text (default), xml


Specify file name for output (or "−" for stdout)


Use more highly formatted output (requires −−output−as=text)

, −−run

Process the supplied input and show what actions the cluster will take in response

−S, −−simulate

Like −−run, but also simulate taking those actions and show the resulting new status

−X, −−in−place

Like −−simulate, but also store the results back to the input file

−A, −−show−attrs

Show node attributes

−c, −−show−failcounts

Show resource fail counts

−s, −−show−scores

Show allocation scores

−U, −−show−utilization

Show utilization information

−P, −−profile=DIR

Process all the XML files in the named directory to create profiling data

−N, −−repeat=N

With −−profile, repeat each test N times and print timings

Synthetic Cluster Events:
, −−node−up=NODE

Simulate bringing a node online

−d, −−node−down=NODE

Simulate taking a node offline

−f, −−node−fail=NODE

Simulate a node failing

−i, −−op−inject=OPSPEC

Generate a failure for the cluster to react to in the simulation. See ‘Operation Specification‘ help for more information.

−F, −−op−fail=OPSPEC

If the specified task occurs during the simulation, have it fail with return code ${rc}. The transition will normally stop at the failed action. Save the result with −−save−output and re−run with −−xml−file. See ‘Operation Specification‘ help for more information.

−t, −−set−datetime=DATETIME

Set date/time (ISO 8601 format, see

−q, −−quorum=QUORUM

Set to ’1’ (or ’true’) to indicate cluster has quorum

−w, −−watchdog=DEVICE

Set to ’1’ (or ’true’) to indicate cluster has an active watchdog device

−g, −−ticket−grant=TICKET

Simulate granting a ticket

−r, −−ticket−revoke=TICKET

Simulate revoking a ticket

−b, −−ticket−standby=TICKET

Simulate making a ticket standby

−e, −−ticket−activate=TICKET

Simulate activating a ticket

Artifact Options:
, −−save−input=FILE

Save the input configuration to the named file

−O, −−save−output=FILE

Save the output configuration to the named file

−G, −−save−graph=FILE

Save the transition graph (XML format) to the named file

−D, −−save−dotfile=FILE

Save the transition graph (DOT format) to the named file

−a, −−all−actions

Display all possible actions in DOT graph (even if not part of transition)

Data Source:
, −−live−check

Connect to CIB manager and use the current CIB contents as input

−x, −−xml−file=FILE

Retrieve XML from the named file

−p, −−xml−pipe

Retrieve XML from stdin

Application Options:
−$, −−version

Display software version and exit

−V, −−verbose

Increase debug output (may be specified multiple times)

−Q, −−quiet

Display only essential output


The OPSPEC in any command line option is of the form ${resource}_${task}_${interval_in_ms}@${node}=${rc} (, for example). ${rc} is an OCF return code. For more information on these return codes, refer to−return−codes


Pretend a recurring monitor action found memcached stopped on node and, during recovery, that the memcached stop action failed:

crm_simulate −LS −−op−inject −−op−fail −−save−output /tmp/memcached−test.xml

Now see what the reaction to the stop failed would be:

crm_simulate −S −−xml−file /tmp/memcached−test.xml


Written by Andrew Beekhof and the Pacemaker project contributors